FAQ

Frequently asked questions

General

What is geodemographics?
What is a GIS?
Why was the LGA classification system developed?
How was the system developed?
Data sources?
Who can use the system?
For what can the system be used?
What are indices and how are they interpreted?
We would like someone to come and speak at our conference, workshop or meeting, who do we contact?
Where can I find information on sponsorship?
How do I reference NIGECS?

Geodemographic Clusters

What is a super-group cluster?
What is a group cluster?
What is a sub-group cluster?
Which of the 3 cluster hierarchies was used for the research and maps shown on this website?

Agriculture

What does use of fertilizer mean?
What does use of improved seedlings mean?
What does use of fingerlings mean?
What does use of hooks and nets mean?
What does use of agricultural insecticides mean?
What do inputs sourced from open markets mean?
What do inputs sourced from government mean?
What does inputs sourced from donor agency mean?
What do inputs sourced from cooperatives mean?

Community Safety

What does fear of crime mean?

Demographics

What does monogamous marriage mean?
What does polygamous marriage mean?
What do widowed persons mean?
What do households of 1 to 2 persons mean?
What does households of 3 to 4 persons mean?
What does households of 5 to 6 persons mean?
What does more than 6 persons in household mean?

Education

What does nursery education mean?
What does some primary education mean?
What does some secondary education mean?
What does post secondary education mean?
What does students dissatisfied with books supplies mean?
What does students dissatisfied with teaching mean?
What do students dissatisfied with lack of teachers mean?
What do students dissatisfied with facilities mean?
What do students dissatisfied with high fees mean?
What does school aged children not attending school mean?
What does school aged children not in school due to distance mean?
What does school aged children not in school due to cost mean?
What does school aged children not in school due to child labour mean?

Employment

What does public sector employment mean?
What does private formal employment mean?
What does private informal employment mean?
What does under employed persons mean?
What do economically inactive persons mean?
What do unemployed persons mean?

Health

What does dissatisfaction with health service mean?
What does unclean health facilities mean?
What does long waiting times for health service mean?
What does no trained health professionals mean?
What does high cost of health service mean?
What does absence of drugs or medicines mean?
What does unsuccessful medical treatment mean?
What does use of private hospital mean?
What does use of public hospital mean?
What does use of religious hospital mean?
What does use of community health centre mean?
What does use of traditional healer mean?
What does use of pharmacists or chemists mean?
What does more than 1 hour to nearest health facility mean?
What does use of bed nets against malaria mean?
What does use of insecticides against malaria mean?
What does use of anti-malaria drugs mean?
What does use of fumigation against malaria mean?
What does use of insecticide treated nets mean?
What does use of herbs and leaves against malaria mean?
What does use of door nets against malaria mean?

Household Infrastructure

What does more than 1 hour to nearest drinking water mean?
What does main source of drinking water (pipe borne) mean?
What does main source of drinking water (untreated pipe borne) mean?
What does main source of drinking water (borehole) mean?
What does main source of drinking water (protected well) mean?
What does main source of drinking water (unprotected well) mean?
What does main source of drinking water (rain) mean?
What does main source of drinking water (river, lake or pond) mean?
What does main source of drinking water (truck vendor) mean?
What does toilet facility (water system and septic tank) mean?
What does toilet facility (covered pit latrine) mean?
What does toilet facility (uncovered pit latrine) mean?
What does toilet facility (ventilated pit latrine) mean?
What does firewood for cooking mean?
What does charcoal for cooking mean?
What does kerosene for cooking mean?
What does gas for cooking mean?
What does saw dust for cooking mean?
What does animal waste for cooking mean?

Housing

What does certificate of occupancy mean?
What does leasehold mean?
What does freehold mean?
What does tenancy agreement mean?
What does payment receipt mean?
What does no occupancy document mean?
What does mud for roofing mean?
What does thatch for roofing mean?
What does wood for roofing mean?
What does iron sheets for roofing mean?
What does concrete for roofing mean?
What does asbestos for roofing mean?

Poverty and Wealth

What does poverty quintile 1 (core poor) mean?
What does poverty quintile 2 mean?
What does poverty quintile 3 mean?
What does poverty quintile 4 mean?
What poverty quintile 5 (wealthiest) mean?
What does the Standardised Welfare Score (SWS) mean?
What does percentile ranking of Standardised Welfare Score (SWS) mean?
What does Median of Standardised Welfare Score (SWS) mean?

Socio-economics

What does difficulty in satisfying food needs mean?
What does difficulty in paying school fees mean?
What does difficulty in paying house rent mean?
What does difficulty in paying utility bills mean?
What does difficulty in paying for health care mean?
What does irregular pension payment mean?
What does more than 1 hour to nearest food market mean?
What does more than 1 hour to nearest public transport mean?

Women and Children

What do women who received pre-natal care mean?
What do children delivered at hospital mean?
What do children delivered at home mean?
What does children delivered by doctors mean?
What does children delivered by nurses mean?
What does children delivered by midwives mean?
What does children delivered by trained traditional birth attendants mean?
What does children delivered by untrained traditional birth attendants mean?
What do self deliveries mean?
What does measles vaccinations mean?
What do BCG vaccinations for children mean?
What do DPT1 vaccinations for children mean?
What do DPT2 vaccinations for children mean?
What do DPT3 vaccinations for children mean?
What do OPV1 vaccinations for children mean?
What do OPV2 vaccinations for children mean?
What do OPV3 vaccinations for children mean?
What does diarrhoea prevalence among children mean?



What is geodemographics?

Geodemographics has been defined by Sleight (1997, p. 16) as 'the analysis of people by where they live'. This definition suggests that there is a connection between residential populations and the locations in which they reside. Simply put, people who live within the same locality are likely to have similar features but these features may be very mush like the features of some other people living in a distant locality.

Further Reading
1. Harris, R., Sleight, P., Webber, R. (2005): Geodemographics, GIS and Neighbourhood Targeting, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
2. Sleight, P. (2004): Targeting customers. How to use geodemographics and lifestyle data in your business. Henley-on-Thames

back to questions


What is a GIS?

The term geographic information science is often used interchangeably with geographic information systems. A geographic information system is suite of applications which are capable of collecting, managing and displaying spatially referenced datasets (Longley et al., 2005). The science of geographic information therefore entails a study of the issues that arise from using the systems.

Further Reading

1. Longley, P. A., Goodchild, M. F., Maguire, D. J., Rhind, D. W. (2005): Geographic Information Systems and Science, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

back to questions


Why was the LGA classification system developed?

The Nigerian LGA geodemographic classification system was developed as part of a doctoral research conducted by Dr Adegbola Ojo at the Department of Geography, University of Sheffield. It was also developed as part of an urgent response to the yearning needs of Nigerian academics, students, local and international policy makers and service providers to embark on local level spatial analysis and make more intelligent decisions. It is an opportunity to introduce and develop the concepts and benefits that underpin geodemographics and GIS to Nigeria as part of an agenda to start making relevant, reliable and timely localised spatial information accessible to the public.

back to questions


How was the system developed?

The Nigerian system is created from techniques encapsulated in geo-statistical and cluster analysis. A paper has been published in the Journal of Applied Spatial Analysis detailing information on how the system was created. Download paper from here.

back to questions


Data sources?

NIGECS was developed from official datasets sourced from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Nigeria. Data from the 2006 Census and other national surveys like the Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire Survey (CWIQ) were used. Some data from Macro International/National Populations Commission (NPC) NDHS were also used to enhance profiles which can be downloaded here.

back to questions


Who can use the system?

The system can be used by virtually anyone who interested in making intelligent decisions about places and people. Users can range from individuals, small scale enterprises, banks, public sector organisations (e.g. the police force, local government authorities, health authorities and fire service authorities), academics and international policy makers.

back to questions


For what can the system be used?

Geodemographics can be tailored to meet your needs in a variety of ways. It can be used to profile populations and gaining initial insight; for targeting strategies; for targeting interventions; for aiding the process of site selection and service planning; for social marketing; for devising a campaign or communication strategy; for engaging in equity audits and inequality analysis; for benchmarking and linking data from multiple sources; for designing, deploying and extrapolating surveys; and for visualisation.

back to questions


What are indices and how are they interpreted?

For any particular attribute or characteristic (e.g. use of mobile phones or attendance at private hospitals) you may need to understand and compare the pattern of its representation within a target population group (e.g. adults who use mobile phones or people who attend private hospitals) with the pattern in another larger group usually called the base population group (e.g. all adults or the total population). The Index value is computed by relating the target to your chosen base as follows:


where:
I is the index
n is the count of people/households with a characteristic in geodemographic cluster k
K is the total number of geodemographic clusters
N is the count of people/households in geodemographic cluster k
Indices tell you how far above or below the national average value an area is for an observed attribute. The national average value for the indices is 100; therefore an area with an index of 200 is twice the national average while an area with an index of 50 is half of the national average.
For instance if an area has a score of 300 for the indicator on use of firewood, it means that residents in that area are three times more likely to use firewood for cooking when compared to all other households in the country.

Further Reading
1. Harris, R., Sleight, P., Webber, R. (2005): Geodemographics, GIS and Neighbourhood Targeting, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

back to questions


We would like someone to come and speak at our conference, workshop or meeting, who do we contact?

Please complete the form on this page. Alternatively, you can send an email to info@nigerianlgaclassification.com .

back to questions


Where can I find information on sponsorship?

General information on sponsorship can be found on this page.

back to questions


How do I reference NIGECS?

For referencing please use: Ojo, A. (2010). The Nigerian Local Government Area Geodemographic Classification System and Profiler. [Online] Available at: http://www.nigerianlgaclassification.com.

back to questions


What is a super-group cluster?

The super-group clusters are the first level of the hierarchy of the geodemographic system. At this level, every LGA has been placed into one of six cluster types.

back to questions


What is a group cluster?

The group clusters are the second level of the hierarchy of the geodemographic system. They are derived by re-manipulating each of the super-group clusters. At this second level, every LGA has been placed into one of twenty-three cluster types.

back to questions


What is a sub-group cluster?

The sub-group clusters are the third level of the hierarchy of the geodemographic system. They are derived by re-manipulating each of the group clusters. At this third level, every LGA has been placed into one of fifty-seven cluster types.

back to questions


Which of the 3 cluster hierarchies was used for the research and maps shown on this website?

The research was conducted and mapped using the sub-groups (third level of the hierarchy).

back to questions


What does use of fertilizer mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households using fertilizer for agriculture when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What does use of improved seedlings mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households using improved seedlings for agriculture when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What does use of fingerlings mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households using fingerlings for agriculture when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What does use of hooks and nets mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households using hooks and nets for agriculture when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What does use of agricultural insecticides mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households using insecticides for agriculture when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What do inputs sourced from open markets mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households sourcing their agricultural inputs from open markets when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What do inputs sourced from government mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households sourcing their agricultural inputs from the government when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What does inputs sourced from donor agency mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households sourcing their agricultural inputs from donor agencies when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What do inputs sourced from cooperatives mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households sourcing their agricultural inputs from cooperative societies when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What does fear of crime mean?

Fear of crime is reported for those who indicated that the security situation in their area is worse or much worse. The results mapped for this indicator shows the chance of criminal activity occurring in a household when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What does monogamous marriage mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a married person to be in monogamous marriage when related to a base of all adults aged 15 and above in the country.

back to questions


What does polygamous marriage mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a married person to be in polygamous marriage when related to a base of all other adults aged 15 and above in the country.

back to questions


What do widowed persons mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a person to be a widow when related to a base of all adults aged 15 and above in the country.

back to questions


What do households of 1 to 2 persons mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a household containing up to a maximum of two residents when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What does households of 3 to 4 persons mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a household containing three to four residents when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What does households of 5 to 6 persons mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a household containing five to six residents when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What does more than 6 persons in household mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a household containing six or more residents when related to a base of all households in the country.

back to questions


What does nursery education mean?

Nursery education defines people whose highest level of education is nursery level schooling. The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a person having nursery level schooling as their highest level of educational attainment when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does some primary education mean?

Some primary education defines people whose highest level of education is either complete or incomplete primary level schooling. The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a person having some primary level schooling as their highest level of educational attainment when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does some secondary education mean?

Some secondary education defines people whose highest level of education is either complete or incomplete secondary level schooling. The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a person having some secondary level schooling as their highest level of educational attainment when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does post secondary education mean?

Post secondary education defines people whose highest level of education is tertiary level schooling. The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a person having tertiary level schooling as their highest level of educational attainment when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does students dissatisfied with books supplies mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a school student to be unhappy with the supply of books when related to a base population of students aged 5 to 19 who are enrolled in school.

back to questions


What does students dissatisfied with teaching mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a school student to be unhappy with the quality of teaching when related to a base population of students aged 5 to 19 who are enrolled in school.

back to questions


What do students dissatisfied with lack of teachers mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a school student to be unhappy with the lack of teachers when related to a base population of students aged 5 to 19 who are enrolled in school.

back to questions


What do students dissatisfied with facilities mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a school student to be unhappy with the quality of facilities when related to a base population of students aged 5 to 19 who are enrolled in school.

back to questions


What do students dissatisfied with high fees mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a school student to be unhappy with the high cost of school fees when related to a base population of students aged 5 to 19 who are enrolled in school.

back to questions


What does school aged children not attending school mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that a school aged child may not be attending school when related to a base population of students aged 5 to 19.

back to questions


What does school aged children not in school due to distance mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that a school aged child is not attending school due to distance related factors when related to a base population of students aged 5 to 19.

back to questions


What does school aged children not in school due to cost mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that a school aged child is not attending school due to cost related factors when related to a base population of students aged 5 to 19.

back to questions


What does school aged children not in school due to child labour mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that a school aged child is not attending school due to their involvement in child labour when related to a base population of students aged 5 to 19.

back to questions


What does public sector employment mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is employed in the public sector when related to a base population of all people aged 5 and above.

back to questions


What does private formal employment mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is employed in the private formal sector when related to a base population of all people aged 5 and above.

back to questions


What does private informal employment mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is employed in the private informal sector when related to a base population of all people aged 5 and above.

back to questions


What does under employed persons mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is under employed when related to a base population of all people aged 15 and above.

back to questions


What do economically inactive persons mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is economically inactive when related to a base population of all people aged 15 and above.

back to questions


What do unemployed persons mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is unemployed when related to a base population of all people aged 15 and above.

back to questions


What does dissatisfaction with health service mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is unhappy with the health service they receive when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does unclean health facilities mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is unhappy with the health service they receive because the facilities used are not clean when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does long waiting times for health service mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is unhappy with the health service they receive because they had to wait too long before receiving medical attention when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does no trained health professionals mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is unhappy with the health service they receive because there are no trained medical personnel when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does high cost of health service mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is unhappy with the health service they receive because they have to pay too much when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does absence of drugs or medicines mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is unhappy with the health service they receive because there are no drugs or medicines when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does unsuccessful medical treatment mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual is unhappy with the health service they receive because the medical treatment was not successful when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does use of private hospital mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual uses a private hospital when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does use of public hospital mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual uses a public hospital when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does use of religious hospital mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual uses a religious hospital when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does use of community health centre mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual uses a community health centre when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does use of traditional healer mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual consults a traditional healer when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does use of pharmacists or chemists mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that an individual consults a chemist or a pharmacist when related to the total population.

back to questions


What does more than 1 hour to nearest health facility mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household spend more than 1 hour to their nearest health facility when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does use of bed nets against malaria mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household make use of mosquito bed nets to prevent malaria when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does use of insecticides against malaria mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household make use of insecticides to prevent malaria when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does use of anti-malaria drugs mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household make use of anti-malaria drugs when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does use of fumigation against malaria mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household make use of fumigation to prevent malaria when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does use of insecticide treated nets mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household make use of insecticide treated nets to prevent malaria when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does use of herbs and leaves against malaria mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household make use of herbs and leaves to prevent malaria when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does use of door nets against malaria mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household make use of door nets to prevent malaria when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does more than 1 hour to nearest drinking water mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household spend over one hour to their nearest source of drinking water when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does main source of drinking water (pipe borne) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household get their drinking water mainly from pipe borne sources when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does main source of drinking water (untreated pipe borne) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household get their drinking water mainly from untreated pipe borne sources when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does main source of drinking water (borehole) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household get their drinking water mainly from bore holes when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does main source of drinking water (protected well) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household get their drinking water mainly from protected wells when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does main source of drinking water (unprotected well) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household get their drinking water mainly from unprotected wells when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does main source of drinking water (rain) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household get their drinking water mainly from rain sources when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does main source of drinking water (river, lake or pond) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household get their drinking water mainly from rivers, lakes or ponds when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does main source of drinking water (truck vendor) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household get their drinking water mainly from truck vendor supplies when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does toilet facility (water system and septic tank) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household mainly use water system and septic tank toilet facilities when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does toilet facility (covered pit latrine) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household mainly use covered pit latrines when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does toilet facility (uncovered pit latrine) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household mainly use uncovered pit latrines when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does toilet facility (ventilated pit latrine) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household mainly use ventilated pit latrines when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does firewood for cooking mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household mainly use fire wood for cooking when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does charcoal for cooking mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household mainly use charcoal for cooking when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does kerosene for cooking mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household mainly use kerosene for cooking when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does gas for cooking mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household mainly use gas for cooking when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does saw dust for cooking mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household mainly use saw dust for cooking when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does animal waste for cooking mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood that members of a household mainly use animal waste for cooking when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does certificate of occupancy mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households having certificates of occupancy to back their occupancy status when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does leasehold mean?

Leasehold is defined as the right to use property for a fixed period of time at a given price, without transfer of ownership. The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households being on leasehold when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does freehold mean?

Freehold is defined as the holding or use of property for an indefinite period under absolute rights of ownership. The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households being on freehold when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does tenancy agreement mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households having a tenancy agreement to back their occupancy status when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does payment receipt mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households having a payment receipt to back their occupancy status when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does no occupancy document mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households having no form of documentation to back their occupancy status when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does mud for roofing mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households using mud as a major roofing material when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does thatch for roofing mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households using thatch as a major roofing material when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does wood for roofing mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households using wood as a major roofing material when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does iron sheets for roofing mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households using iron sheets as a major roofing material when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does concrete for roofing mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households using concrete as a major roofing material when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does asbestos for roofing mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households using asbestos as a major roofing material when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does poverty quintile 1 (core poor) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows how likely it is for a household to belong to the poorest 20% when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does poverty quintile 2 mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows how likely it is for a household to belong to the 21% to 40% (better than quintile 1) on the poverty scale when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does poverty quintile 3 mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows how likely it is for a household to belong to the 41% to 60% (better than quintile 2) on the poverty scale when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does poverty quintile 4 mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows how likely it is for a household to belong to the 61% to 80% (better than quintile 3) on the poverty scale when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does poverty quintile 5 (wealthiest) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows how likely it is for a household to belong to the wealthiest 20% when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does the Standardised Welfare Score (SWS) mean?

For the first time, a Standardised Welfare Score (SWS) has been computed for each of the 774 LGAs in the country. The scores have been derived by using advanced techniques to model data relating to welfare which combine the different poverty quintiles into composite scores for each LGA. The higher the SWS for an LGA, the better the welfare of its residents. A paper relating to the creation of the SWS will soon be available for download.

back to questions


What does percentile ranking of Standardised Welfare Score (SWS) mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the percentage position or ranking of the SWS for each LGA relative to all other LGAs. The lower the percentile rank of an LGA, the more deprived that LGA is.

back to questions


What does Median of Standardised Welfare Score (SWS) mean?

This statistic is derived by taking all LGAs that belong to each geodemographic cluster and computing the median value of their SWS. The lower the median score of a geodemographic cluster/LGA, the more deprived that cluster or LGA is.

back to questions


What does difficulty in satisfying food needs mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households always finding it difficult to satisfy their food needs when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does difficulty in paying school fees mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households always finding it difficult to pay their children's school fees when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does difficulty in paying house rent mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households always finding it difficult to pay their house rent when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does difficulty in paying utility bills mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households always finding it difficult to pay their utility bills when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does difficulty in paying for health care mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households always finding it difficult to pay for health care when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does irregular pension payment mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a pensioner household not receiving regular pension payment when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does more than 1 hour to nearest food market mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households spending more than one hour before reaching their nearest food market when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What does more than 1 hour to nearest public transport mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of households spending more than one hour before reaching their nearest point of public transportation when related to a base of all households.

back to questions


What do women who received pre-natal care mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of women receiving some form of pre-natal care when related to a base of all women aged 15 to 49.

back to questions


What do children delivered at hospital mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of delivering a child at the hospital when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What do children delivered at home mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of delivering a child at home when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What does children delivered by doctors mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of delivering a child with the help of a doctor when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What does children delivered by nurses mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of delivering a child with the help of a nurse when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What does children delivered by midwives mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of delivering a child with the help of a midwife when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What does children delivered by trained traditional birth attendants mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of delivering a child with the help of a trained traditional birth attendant when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What does children delivered by untrained traditional birth attendants mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of delivering a child with the help of an untrained traditional birth attendant when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What do self deliveries mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of delivering a child without any assistance when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What does measles vaccinations mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a child receiving vaccination against measles when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What do BCG vaccinations for children mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a child receiving BCG vaccination against tuberculosis when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What do DPT1 vaccinations for children mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a child receiving DPT1 vaccination against whooping cough and tetanus when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What do DPT2 vaccinations for children mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a child receiving DPT2 vaccination against whooping cough and tetanus when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What do DPT3 vaccinations for children mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a child receiving DPT3 vaccination against whooping cough and tetanus when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What do OPV1 vaccinations for children mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a child receiving OPV1 vaccination against polio when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What do OPV2 vaccinations for children mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a child receiving OPV2 vaccination against polio when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What do OPV3 vaccinations for children mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a child receiving OPV3 vaccination against polio when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions


What does diarrhoea prevalence among children mean?

The results mapped for this indicator shows the likelihood of a child having diarrhoea when related to a base of all children aged 0 to 4.

back to questions